The Bogo Tree

9/13/2013 01:01:00 PM

City of Bogo's name origin has always been embedded in the heart and soul of every Bogohanon.  It is no mystery that the name points to the Bogo trees that thrived in the place where early people came to trade. The tree is called by other names in different provinces and countries. 

English Garuga
Indonesia Kayu kambing (Sulawesi, Moluccas), ki langit (Sundanese), wiyu (Javanese).
Papua New Guinea Garuga
Philippines Bogo (Cebuano), Burus (Iloko), Abilo (Tagalog).
Trade Name Kedondong

The scientific name of this tree is Garuga floribunda Decne, which early botanists found abundant in Iloilo, northern Mindanao and the Central Visayas. Below is the Taxonomy Hierarchy of the Bogo Tree:

Kingdom: Plantae
   ↪ Phylum: Magnoliophyta
      ↪ Class: Magnoliatae
         ↪Order: Sapindales
            ↪Family: Burseraceae
               ↪Genus: Garuga
                  ↪Specie: Garuga floribunda Decne  

A young Bogo Tree

Garuga floribunda is a deciduous, small to medium-sized or occasionally fairly large tree that can reach up to 30 meters tall.
Bogo Tree Bark
Bogo Tree Bark
© N. Ayyappan
Bogo Tree Bark Cut
© N. Ayyappan

Bogo Tree Leaf and Flower Drawing
Leaf and Flower Drawing

Bogo Tree Flower
Bogo Tree Flower

Bogo Tree Fruits
Bogo Tree Fruits
© N. Ayyappan
Bogo Tree Leaves
Bogo Tree Leaves
© N. Ayyappan


  • Fodder: The leaves are used for fodder (food for livestock).
  • Food: The fruit is edible. 
  • Medicine: A decoction of the bark has been given after childbirth. 
  • Tannin or dyestuff: A decoction of the leaves has been used to dye mats made from Corypha leaves black. 
  • Timber: The wood of G. floribunda is used for general construction, bridge building, posts, light duty flooring, furniture and cabinet work, interior trim, mouldings, shelving, skirting, sporting goods, agricultural implements, boxes and crates, carvings, toys and novelties, and turnery. It is also used for the production of veneer and plywood.
  • Shade or shelter: G. floribunda is occasionally planted as a shade tree.

Planting Your Own Bogo Tree

Clear the area where you want to plant your seedling with unwanted weeds and debris. Make sure that a one-meter radius is kept free from other vegetation. Dig a plant hole with dimensions of at least 20 cm x 20 cm x 20 cm. Plant the seedling at proper depth. Root collar should be at level with or a little below the ground surface with the seedling oriented upward. Fill the hole with top or garden soil and press soil firmly around the base of the seedling. In plantation-making, seedlings should maintain a two-meter distance between seedlings if planted in a row of a three-meter distance from one strip to the next strip.


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